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Nyhet til alle Eritriere i Oslo  FM radio 99,3 hver søndag mellom 20:00 og 21:00, stille radio ditt på channel FM 99,3 og lytte til.


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Please use this account number when you pay for the semester bills. 78780559712.


Vær vennlig bruk denne kontonr 78780559712 når du betaler semster avgift. Konto'en tilhører til den Eritreisk Læreforening i Oslo Norge.




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| About eritrea (1) | Climate (1) | Geog.location (1) | Language (1) | People (1) | Religon (1) | Religon | Language | Poeple | Climate | Location

RELIGON
Religon
The population of Eritrea is equally divided between Christian (Orthodox Church, Roman Catholic and Lutheran protestants) and Muslim religions. The population of the high plateau (Asmara) is predominantly Christian, whereas that of the lowlands and the coast are predominantly Muslim. Despite contrasts between the Muslim and Christian religions and the potential for conflict, both religious groups have managed to live together in harmony and in peace. There is also a small community of Kunamas (Gash-Setit), who practice their own traditional religion, centered around worship of Anna, the creator, and veneration of ancestral heroes.


The conversion of Axum to Christianity dates from the forth century A.D. when Syrian missionaries introduced a Monophysite doctrine to the Axumites. From a region which was approximately coextensive with modern Eritrea, the Christian kings of Axum extended their power and influence far a field.
Islam spread to Eritrea around 615 AD with the arrival of ...

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LANGUAGE
Langauge
There are nine languages in Eritrea. Tigrinya (50%) and Arabic are the working languages. The other languages are Tigre (40%), Afar (4%), Saho (3%), Bega (Beja), Bilen, Nara and Kunama. English and Italian are also widely understood.


There is no official language, though Tigrinya, Arabic and English predominate in commerce and national business. The use and development of all nine of Eritrea's languages are encouraged at the local level, and children attend primary school through the fifth grade in their mother tongue.
Toward the end of the nineteenth century, hundreds of thousands of Italian peasants settled in Eritrea. Some 70.000 remained in Eritrea at the end of the Italian colonial rule in 1941. Many, mainly older Eritreans therefore speak Italian.
Under the British administration, there were in effect two official languages, Tigrinya and Arabic.
During the years of the Ethiopian occupation, Amharic, the language of the ruling Ethiopian regime, ...

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POEPLE
People
Population: 4,561,500 (2005 estimate) Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.8% (male 1,023,900; female 1,019,400
15-64 years: 51.9% (male 1,170,800; female 1,194,700)
65 years and over: 3.3% (male 74,300; female 78,400)
(2005 estimate)


Population growth rate: 2.51% (2005 estimate)
Birth rate: 38.62 births/1,000 population (2005 estimate)
Death rate: 13.53 deaths/1,000 population (2005 estimate)
Sex ratio:
At birth: 1.03 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.00 male/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male/female
65 years and over: 1.05 male/female
Total population: 0.99 male/female (2005 estimate)
Infant mortality rate: 74.87/1,000 live births
(2005 estimate)
Life expectancy at birth:
Total population: 58.0 years
Male: 61.0 years
Female: 59.5 years (2005 estimate) Total fertility rate: 5.61 children born/woman
(2005 estimate)

Eritrea has a mixed Afro-Asiatic population that is divided by religion and language. There are nine ethnic groups in Eritrea, which are:
The Kushitic linguistic groups: Afar 4%, (Denkalia), Bilen 2% (Keren area), Hedareb 2% (Tessenei), Saho 3% (Foro) ...

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CLIMATE
Climate
Eritrea is located at the highest landmass of the African continent. As a result the highlands of Eritrea have ameliorating climate conditions. Resulting from these climatic conditions at higher altitudes we find vegetative cover and fertile soils which are suitable for agricultural purposes.
Eritrea has a variety of climatic conditions. Asmara at 2,350 meters (7,700 feet) has a pleasant climate all year (average temperature of 16° Celsius (60° Fahrenheit)) and receives 508 mm (20 inches) of rainfall annually. The eastern coastal areas receive the unpredictable, "little rains" (belg) during October to March, while the other areas get "main rains" (kiremti) from June to September.
In the highlands, further inland, with an elevation between 1,800 and 2,100 meters (5,900 and 6,900 feet) the hottest month is usually May (around 30°) and in winter (December to February) temperatures are near freezing point at night.
At sea level along the coast (Massawa, ...

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LOCATION
Location
Eritrea is located in North East Africa (between 12° and 18° north, and 36° and 44° east) and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and other islands along the Red Sea coast. It is bordered by Sudan to the north and west, Ethiopia to the south, Djibouti to the south-east and the Red Sea to the north and north-east. With a land area of about 125.000 km2, Eritrea is about the size of England, or the state of Pennsylvania in the USA. The coastline measures around 1.200 km and off it there are over 350 islands, of which 210 comprise the area of the Dahlak Archipelago.


Sea floor spreading occurs in the Red Sea, creating new land, and in the Afar triangle, only one of the two places on earth were it occurs on dry land (the other being Iceland). Many of the mountains in Eritrea are remnants of when Africa ...

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